Yeast Infection - Symptoms, Causes & Treatment of Yeast Infections

Yeast infection

A vaginal yeast infection is also known as vaginal candidiasis, or genital candidiasis. Vaginal yeast infections are extremely common. Seventy-five percent of all women develop a yeast infection at some point during their lives. A vaginal yeast infection is not transmitted sexually.

A yeast infection can affect the vulvar tissue as well and often both the vagina and vulva are affected and vulvovaginal candidal infection occurs. A yeast infection is caused by a type of fungus or yeast.  According to WebMD, there are more than 20 different species of candida. However the most common fungus associated with a yeast infection is called candida albicans (CA). Candidal infections can occur in warm moist body areas including the mouth, skin, diaper area, nail bed, under arms, under the breasts or in the vagina and on the vulva.  Most clinical studies have shown that up to 50% of all women normally carry yeast in the vagina without demonstrating any types of symptoms. Other naturally occurring bacteria also live in the vagina, which monitors the candida from overgrowth. During certain conditions when the natural balance between the micro-organisms becomes unbalanced, an overgrowth of candida may occur and then symptoms may be experienced.

Some medications like anti-biotics, or oral contraceptive pills can be the culprits. When hormone levels fluctuate, or in the presence of certain diseases (e.g. diabetes), yeast infections may be more likely.



Read more about symptoms affecting the vulva and vagina that may be causing discomfort or pain.

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Read more about vulvar and vaginal disorders that affect women and their quality of life.

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